Weekly Current: Science & Environment: ? Odisha Muggers, ?Tianhe, Monoclonal Antibodies -June Week3


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00:00 : Odisha Muggers
01:09 : Nepal’s Environmentalist Constitution
02:54 : Vaccine Compulsion
05:22 : Monoclonal Antibodies
05:55 : Women in Science
08:00 : Tianhe Module
→ **Bio-Diversity:** Odisha only state to have all the three species of the reptile —1) freshwater gharials, 2) muggers and 3) saltwater crocodiles. Gharials are weaker than crocodiles and muggers, and don’t survive a fight between them. Gharials is a critically endangered species in Schedule 1 of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972. ओडिशा में मगरमच्छ
→ **Bio-Diversity:** (GSM2: Comparing Constitution) Nepal Govt decided to export sand and crushed stones to India to reduce trade deficit. But, Nepal’s Constitution: if any agreement is likely to have a long-term impact on natural resources and security in Nepal then 2/3 majority in the House required. But this was not done so Nepali Supreme Court stayed the decision. यदि नेपाल सरकार का विदेश के साथ समझौता/संधि कर rhi हो, जिससे नेपाल कि प्राकृतिक संसाधन /सुरक्षा पर दीर्घावधि में असर करने वाला हो। तो ऐसे समझौते को सदन में बहुमत से पारित करवाना ज़रूरी। 2021 मैं नेपाल सरकार ने बालू और पत्थर भारत को निर्यात करने का निर्णय लिया किन्तु सुप्रीम कोर्ट ने उस पर रोक लगायी है कि पहले सदन में इस समझौते को बहुमत से पास करो।
→ **6-Corona?:** Vaccine compulsion: Pakistan’s Sindh province government announced 1) if government employee is not taking vaccine then his salary will be stopped 2) If residents are not taking vaccine their SIM cards will be blocked. ? points to consider: 1) India has more number of mobile phones than toilets so sim card threat could easily convince people to get vaccinated -provided that we have enough supply of vaccines!!
→ **6-Corona?:** Vaccine Hoax / Rumor: 100 years ago Horses injected with diphtheria bacteria: they could develop antibodies→ extract the antibodies and use in the vaccine. Similarly, cow may also be used for vaccine related components e.g. Milk (sugars such as galactose), cow bones (gelatin) etc. 2021: social media hoax/rumour mongering that Bharat Biotech company’s Covaxin vaccine contains serum of a newborn calf. But government issued clarification -it is a fake news. सोशल मीडिया में फैली अफ़वाह की कोरोना वैक्सीन निर्माण में गाय के बछड़े के अवयवों का इस्तेमाल होता है। हालाँकि सरकार ने सफ़ाई दी कि ये अफ़वाह है।
→ **6-Corona?:** PM launches crash course to train 1 lakh ‘Covid warriors’ in six customised job roles — Home Care Support, Basic Care Support, Advanced Care Support, Emergency Care Support, Sample Collection Support, and Medical Equipment Support. कोरोना के दौरान लोगों की चिकित्सा, देखभाल, स्वास्थ्य उपकरणों की मरम्मत इत्यादि के लिए एक लाख लोगों को तालीम दी जाएगी।
→ **6-Corona?:** Antibodies are protein is created by body to fight a viral infection. Monoclonal antibodies are artificial antibodies created using tissue culture. These monoclonal antibodies are designed to target a virus or part of virus. Swiss drug giant Roche’s REGEN-COV2 is a cocktail of two monoclonal antibodies developed to target the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein. MRP of this medicine: Rs 1.20 lakh per pack. वायरस संक्रमण से लड़ने के लिए शरीर एंटीबॉडी बनाता है। प्रयोगशाला में कृत्रिम रूप से ऐसी एंटीबॉडी बनाए जाए तो उसे मोनोक्लोनल एंटीबॉडी कहते हैं। ऐसे ही कुछ दवाईयां आज कल कोरोना चिकित्सा के लिए चर्चा में है।

→ **Space-Tech??‍?:** Satellite based Internet Services- 1) Bharti group backed-OneWeb 2) Elon Musk’s SpaceX. But, the cost of satellite-based internet services is more expensive than traditional fibre/broadban so, due to which it has not been widely adopted by end users. Department of Telecommunications (DoT): till date received “no communication” by above companies to start their satellite internet service. सैटेलाइट द्वारा इंटरनेट प्रक्षेपित करना हालाँकि बहुत महँगा है इसके लिए भी ज़्यादा लोग इसका उपयोग नहीं करते
→ **Space-Tech??‍?:** Shenzhou-12/“Divine Vessel” = Chinese spacecraft related to China’s space station. Tianhe the name of module in China’s space station where crews will live for 3 months. चीन अवकाश में अपना केन्द्र स्थापित करेगा और वहाँ चीनी अवकाश यात्री तीन महीने रुकेंगे

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  1. Sir i have a question regarding unacademy lecture. I have a student and attend you lecture which started in july and end in sep-oct sir my subscription is expired and one of my friends who have subscription told me that your feb lectures have approximately 74 lectures and in 2020 there are only 58 lectures are there sir , sir your extra (free ) lectures are enough or i should watch these lectures too? Sir please comment on this weather i should watch selected videos or your extra videos for previous batch is enough

  2. Hello sir, I have read Sriram. IAS notes for economy and watched YouTube video of yours on static portion. Still, I am facing problems in solving questions. Please help

  3. पाकिस्तान खोपचे ले जाकर जबरदस्ती वैक्सीन ठांस दे…

  4. I hope sr ap y sms dekhege
    Sr vaxin ka bare m h…sr hmare yha local m 3 jgh or 3 bar gyi bt vaxin n lgi or vha logo ki presani v jani or to or sr ek jgh 2 bujurg 3 km se 3 din s apne ap aye vaxin lgvabe bt kam n hua jbki unhe paralysis tha or dono vyask the ….sr esy presani kitni jgh ho skty h y to bht serious cases h

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  6. Jb maine thumbnail dkha melo samjh nahi aaya jb sir ne vedio me detail me batya to pata chala ye aakash hai ???? jo avakash likha hai or sir ne bola hai

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